Pte
James Archibald McPhee

Information about birth

Date of birth:
02/02/1884
Place of birth:
Mile End, Renfrewshire, Scotland, United Kingdom

General information

Profession:
Journeyman / House Painter

Army information

Country:
Scotland, United Kingdom
Force:
British Expeditionary Force
Rank:
Private
Service number:
76233
Enlistment place:
Lanarkshire, Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
Units:
 —  Sherwood Foresters (Notts and Derby Regiment), 16th Bn. (Chatsworth Rifles)  (Last known unit)

Information about death

Date of death:
03/08/1917
Place of death:
Venheule Farm, Saint-Julien, Belgium
Cause of death:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Age:
33

Cemetery

Track X Cemetery
Plot: Unknown
Row: E
Grave: 2

Distinctions and medals 2

Points of interest 1

#1 Enlistment place

My story

Private James Archibald McPhee served in the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Regiment) 16th Battalion, which was part of the 117th Brigade, of the 39th Division.
James McPhee’s Battalion took part in the first stages of the Third Battle of Ypres. On the 2nd of August 1917 the 117th Brigade was to take over the 39th Divisional Front. The 16th Battalion Sherwood Foresters relieved the 13th Battalion Royal Sussex Regiment in and behind the village of Saint-Julien. The Battalion Headquarters was based at Venheule Farm. During the process of relief, Venheule Farm was directly hit by a German shell, killing and injuring 30 men and three officers.
On the following day “A” and “B” Companies were heavily shelled in their dugout positions. Both Companies suffered heavy casualties. Their position became untenable, due to the constant shelling and “A” Company had to withdraw to Camphor Trench and “B” Company pulled back to California Drive, while two of its platoons were sent up to reinforce positions in Saint Julien.
Private James Archibald McPhee was killed in action on the 3rd of August 1917. He possibly fell due to the heavy German shelling on that day. He lies buried on Track X Cemetery.

Files 1

Sources 4

Ancestry
http://home.ancestry.co.uk/
Further reference
CWGC
http://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/157556/McPHEE,%20J%20A
Sources used
The Long, Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/
Sources used
War Diary Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire & Derbyshire Regiment) 16th Bn.
http://www.nmarchive.com/
Further reference