L/Cpl
Arthur Swindlehurst Wade

Information about birth

Date of birth:
17/06/1893
Place of birth:
Accrington, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom

General information

Profession:
Calico Printer

Army information

Country:
England, United Kingdom
Force:
British Expeditionary Force
Rank:
Lance Corporal
Service number:
203202
Enlistment place:
Accrington, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom
Units:
 —  East Lancashire Regiment, 2/4th Bn.  (Last known unit)

Information about death

Date of death:
10/10/1917
Place of death:
Augustus Wood, Passchendaele, Belgium
Cause of death:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Age:
24

Memorial

Tyne Cot Memorial
Panel: 78

Distinctions and medals 2

British War Medal
Medal — 08/04/1921
Victory Medal
Medal — 08/04/1921

Points of interest 3

#1 Place of birth
#2 Enlistment place
#3 ‘Place of death’

My story

Lance Corporal Arthur Swindlehurst Wade served in the 2/4th Battalion East Lancashire Regiment, part of the 198th Brigade, of the 66th (2nd East Lancashire) Division. On 9 October 1917 the Division took part in the Battle of Poelcappelle, a stage in the Third Battle of Ypres. It advanced with two Brigades. The 198th Brigade was on the left and the 197th Brigade on the right of the divisional front. Both Brigades had taken up positions just West of Augustus Wood and Tyne Cottage in wake of the attack. They were to advance towards the town of Passchendaele. Conditions were very poor owing to large water filled shell holes and the constant shell fire.

The 198th Brigade attacked with the 2/9th Manchesters and the 2/4th East Lancs; the 2/5th East Lancs were in support and the 2/10th Manchesters in reserve. The 2/9th Manchesters was to take the first objective of the Brigade. After the first objective had been secured, the 2/4th and 2/5th Easr Lancs were to take the second objective. At 5.20 a.m. the barrage opened and the Battalion went forward behind the 2/9th Manchesters. The Manchesters consolidated a line in Augustus Wood, near the first objective. The 2/4th East Lancs now resumed the attack. However it was found impossible to continue the advance to the 2nd objective. The 2/5th East Lancs had been slowed down by the derelict terrain and had not attacked on time. The terrain near Augustus Wood made any rapid advance impossible and while the men were struggling through the remnants of the wood they came under machinegun fire from pill-boxes at Bellevue, forcing them to take cover. The attack came to a halt.

At dusk a German counterattack pushed the line slightly back, but was eventually repulsed with help from the 2/5th East Lancs. The 2/4th East Lancs and the 2/5th East Lancs, of the 198th Brigade, held the line in Augustus Wood until the night of 10/11th October 1917 when they were relieved by the 11th Australian Brigade. The attack had been an utter failure. The shell logged and marshy terrain, poor artillery support and determined German resistance had caused the advance to die down before it could develop. Casualties were extremely high totalling 316 men wounded, missing or killed.

Lance Corporal Arthur Swindlehurst Wade was killed in action on the 10th of October 1917. He possibly fell while being relieved from or holding the line in Augustus Wood. He has no known grave and is remembered at the Tyne Cot Memorial.

Files 1

Sources 5

"Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., London, Uniform, 2018, pg. 120-122.
Sources used
Ancestry
http://home.ancestry.co.uk/
Further reference
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/825507/wade,-arthur-swindlehurst/
Sources used
The Long, Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/
Sources used
War Diary East Lancashire Regiment, 2/4th Bn.
http://www.nmarchive.com/
Further reference