James Butler White

Informatie over geboorte

Rockhampton, Queensland, Australië

Algemene Informatie

Klerk - Bediende

Informatie legerdienst

Australian Imperial Force
Service nummer:
Dienstneming datum:
Dienstneming plaats:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australië
 —  Australian Infantry, 23rd Bn. (Victoria)  (Laatst gekende eenheid)

Informatie over overlijden

Datum van overlijden:
Plaats van overlijden:
Retaliation Farm, Zonnebeke, België
Killed in action (K.I.A.)


Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood
Rij: C
Graf: 17

Onderscheidingen en medailles 2

British War Medal
Victory Medal

Points of interest 3

#1 Geboorteplaats
#2 Dienstneming plaats
#3 'Sterfteplaats'

Mijn verhaal

Private James Butler White served in the Australian Infantry 23rd Battalion, part of the 6th Australian Brigade, of the 2nd Australian Division. The Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde on the 4th of October 1917, a stage in the Third Battle of Ypres. The attack of the Division was carried by the 6th and 7th Australian Brigades, with the 6th Brigade’s attack led by the 21st and 24th Battalions, and the 23rd Battalion in reserve, providing ammunition carrying- and digging parties.
Moments before the sign to attack, the German artillery targeted the Australian Battalions on their jump-off line, causing heavy casualties. The Germans had no idea of the upcoming allied assault, but were merely shelling the allied frontline, in preparation of an attack of their own. When the German infantry stormed forward, they were caught in the allied barrage. The German attack was immediately checked. Many German survivors of the heavy shelling were cut down or taken prisoner by the attacking Australian Battalion, who advanced behind the barrage.
The surprised and disillusioned German soldiers were no match for the advancing troops. While the fighting Battalions of the 6th Australian Brigade captured their objectives on the Broodseinde Ridge, the 23rd Battalion was involved in other ways. A party of 50 men worked as an ammunition and bomb carrying part, under constant German shell fire. Thirty men were designated to dig a new strongpoint, close to the hamlet of Broodseinde. Another party of more than 122 men was ordered to dig a communication trench from the just captured crest of Broodseinde Ridge to the new front line, several hundred yards on the other side of the crest. Another communication trench was dug out to the front line by a party of 80 men, while another group built a mule track from the Zonnebeke Lake to the De Knoet Farm. The Battalion moved back to their trenches at the end of the day.
Although the Australian Infantry 23rd Battalion didn’t participate in the actual fighting, it suffered heavy casualties, due to German shelling. On the 5th of October 1917 the Battalion kept on working on a communication trench and constructed a mule track. Later on that day it occupied positions in the old front line and in the old support trench. The Battalion suffered two casualties on the 5th of October 1917. One of these casualties was Private James Butler White. According to witness reports in his Red Cross Wounded and Missing Filed he was designated as a runner and he possibly got hit by a German shell. Private James Butler White was initially buried near Retaliation Farm on the Broodseinde Ridge. His remains were exhumed after the war and were interred in Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood.

Bestanden 2

Bronnen 8

"Forward Undeterred, The History of the 23rd Battalion 1915-1918", Austin R., McCrae, Slouch Hat Publications, 1998, pg. 130-132.
Gebruikte bronnen
"The Third Ypres Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., London, Arms & Armour Press, 1995, pg. 99.
Gebruikte bronnen
Gebruikte bronnen
Australian War Memorial
Gebruikte bronnen
Gebruikte bronnen
National Archives of Australia
Gebruikte bronnen
The Long, Long Trail
Gebruikte bronnen
War Diary AIF 23rd Bn.
Gebruikte bronnen