Pte
John Peters

Informatie over geboorte

Geboortejaar:
1894
Geboorteplaats:
Temora, New South Wales, Australië

Algemene Informatie

Beroep:
Landarbeider

Informatie legerdienst

Land:
Australië
Strijdmacht:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Private
Service nummer:
7027
Dienstneming datum:
20/10/1916
Dienstneming plaats:
Cootamundra, New South Wales, Australië
Eenheden:
 —  Australian Infantry, 1st Bn.  (Laatst gekende eenheid)

Informatie over overlijden

Datum van overlijden:
04/10/1917
Plaats van overlijden:
Remus Wood, België
Doodsoorzaak:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Leeftijd:
23

Begraafplaats

Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood
Plot: XXVI
Rij: B
Graf: 4-6

Onderscheidingen en medailles 2

British War Medal
Medaille
Victory Medal
Medaille

Points of interest 1

#1 Dienstneming plaats

Extra informatie

Private John Peters of the 1st Battalion, Australian Infantry, part of the 1st Brigade of the 1st Australian Division fought in the Third Battle of Ypres, also known as the Battle of Passchendaele. Within his Red Cross File it is claimed that Private Peters was a Machine Gunner within “A” Company. Prior to enlisting on 20 October 1916, aged 22, Peters had been a farm labourer by occupation and was from Temora, New South Wales, Australia. His Unit embarked from Sydney aboard HMAT A24 Benalla on 9 November 1916.

On 2 October 1917 the 1st Australian Division moved up to take command of the frontline in what is noted as the 'ANZAC -Westhoek and Broodseinde Areas'. On 3 October the Battalion was gathering reconnaissance of German positions in final preparation for the next morning’s big offensive. The attacking Divisions, including the 1st Australian Division, took up their jump-off positions throughout the night of 3rd/4th October. The 1st Battalion began to move up from Westhoek via Jabber Track at about 2:30 a.m. reaching the assembly position at about 4 a.m. Several casualties from shell-fire were sustained along the way. The men of the 1st Battalion were positioned to the left of the line behind the 3rd Battalion looking across Molenaarelsthoek towards Celtic Wood. The 3rd Australian Battalion was to start the attack on 4 October, while the 1st and 4th Australian Battalion’s, respectively positioned on the left and the right, would be in support. Their goal was to take over the road from Broodseinde to Noordemdhoek. Soon after the start of the attack, at 9.30 a.m., both the first and second objective were taken and consolidated.

Private Peters was Killed in Action with his official date of death being 3 October 1917. The witness accounts vary in the estimated time of death; some say during the night of 3 October, others claim just before zero hour on 4 October and some state that Peters was killed when 1st Battalion were consolidating positions after reaching their objective line during the offensive. All accounts, though, give the same cause of death and describe how he was killed almost instantly when a shell burst near his position in a trench.

It’s however highly unlikely that Private Peters fell on the 3rd of October 1917, as he was buried in the field just east of Remus Wood, close to the final objective of the 1st Battalion. So we can rightly assume that the 23-year old was killed on 4 October 1917 during the attack on the Broodseinde ridge. As described in his Red Cross File, John Peters was possibly killed by German shellfire, while consolidating a trench between Remus Wood and Celtic. His remains were exhumed after the war and interred in a collective grave at Buttes New British Cemetery; Plot XXVI, Row B, Grave 4-6 alongside Private E.A. Gibbs and Private T. Goodwin who were also 1st Bn. A.I.F. and killed by that same shell. Peters is also commemorated on Panel 30 of Australian War Memorial.

Bestanden 2

Bronnen 6

"Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., London, Uniform, 2018, pg. 110-111.
Gebruikte bronnen
Australian War Memorial
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P10257996
Gebruikte bronnen
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/480404/peters,-john/
Gebruikte bronnen
The Long Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/
Gebruikte bronnen
War Diary Australian Infantry, 1st Bde.
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1338583
Gebruikte bronnen
War Diary Australian Infantry, 1st Bn.
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/RCDIG1000555/
Gebruikte bronnen