- Tyne Cot Memorial
- Paneel: 30
John Marshall was born in 1884 in Skipton, North Yorkshire. He was married to Elizabeth Marshall and had two children, his son Walter Arthur and daughter Catherine. Prior to the war John worked as a coal miner. John enlisted in February 1917, serving with the 1/8th Battalion, King's (Liverpool Regiment), part of the 164th (North Lancashire) Brigade, of the 55th (West Lancashire) Division.
On 20 September 1917 the 55th Division took part in the opening phase of the Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, a stage in the Battle of Passchendaele. The 165th brigade attacked on the right and the 164th Brigade on the left flank of the divisional front. Of the 164th Brigade the 1/8th King’s were to attack on the extreme left. The Liverpool Irish were to capture and consolidate two objectives. Firstly a line of trenches and strongpoints, dubbed Schüler Galleries, and secondly the strongpoint at Schüler Farm.
At zero hour, 5.40 a.m. the attacking parties moved forward behind a creeping barrage. Once the men had left their jump-off positions, a heavy German artillery barrage came down on the Liverpool Irish. Not only the German artillery made casualties, heavy machine-gun and rifle fire from behind Schüler Farm and the Hanebeek stream, caused over half of all casualties. In addition to this a large number of Germans had taken up positions in front of Schüler Galleries. Further resistance came from concrete emplacements at the Northern end of the Galleries. The advance of the Liverpool Irish was momentarily checked, but the Battalion soon rallied, attacked and captured the Schüler Galeries Line. The concrete emplacements on the Northern end were outflanked and captured by 7.15 a.m.
The Liverpool Irish re-formed for the attack on the second objective, though they had lost the barrage. Without the assistance of the artillery it proved impossible to storm Schüler Farm. Several attempts to attack the position were halted by machine-gun and rifle fire from Cross cottages and from Schüler Farm itself and the Battalion chose to dig in on the Galleries Line.
Thirty-three-year-old Private John Marshall was killed in action on 20 September 1917. His body was not recovered or identified after the war. He is commemorated on the Tyne Cot Memorial, the war, was initially buried the field in front of Schüler Galleries, indicating that he might have been killed during the attack on the first objective. His remains were exhumed after the war and were interred in Tyne Cot Cemetery, panel 30.