Pte
Thomas Cranston (Gorden/Gordon)

Informatie over geboorte

Geboortejaar:
1884
Geboorteplaats:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australië

Algemene Informatie

Laatst gekende woonplaats:
Wodonga, Victoria, Australië
Beroep:
Arbeider
Geloof:
Church of England

Informatie legerdienst

Land:
Australië
Strijdmacht:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Private
Service nummer:
5016
Dienstneming datum:
05/09/1915
Dienstneming plaats:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australië
Eenheden:
 —  Australian Infantry, 22nd Bn. (Victoria)  (Laatst gekende eenheid)

Informatie over overlijden

Datum van overlijden:
04/10/1917
Plaats van overlijden:
Zonnebeke Lake, België
Doodsoorzaak:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Leeftijd:
33

Begraafplaats

La Brique Military Cemetery No. 2
Plot: I
Rij: G
Graf: 7

Onderscheidingen en medailles 2

British War Medal
Medaille
Victory Medal
Medaille

Points of interest 4

#1 Geboorteplaats
#2 Laatst gekende woonplaats
#3 Dienstneming plaats
#4 'Sterfteplaats'

Mijn verhaal

Thomas Cranston, a former labourer, was born in 1884 in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. He was the son of John Glendening Cranston and Ellen Cranston, and the brother of Walter Cranston. On September 5, 1915 he enlisted in Melbourne but was discharged in January 1916. He relisted in Geelong on March 1, 1916 as Thomas Gorden. He embarked from Melbourne with the 13th reinforcement of the 22nd Battalion, part of the 6th Australian Brigade of the 2nd Australian Division, on board HMAT A33 Ayrshire on July 3, 1916.

On the 4th of October 1917 the 2nd Australian Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde, a phase in the Third Battle of Ypres. The 22nd Battalion was part of the 6th Brigade, which attacked on the right of the divisional front. The 22nd Battalion would take the first objective, the red line.
Once they had taken this line, the 24th would pass through the 22nd on the right and the 21st would do the same on the left. The Battalion assembled before the attack at the jumping-off positions in front of Tokio, but soon moved closer to the road leading to Tokio on account of German artillery fire on and around Albania. They made use of shell holes and old trench systems to form a line.

At 5.35 a.m. moments before the Battalion would attack, the German artillery, including minenwerfers, started shelling the jump-off line, causing heavy casualties. The Germans were about to attack themselves in the hope of recapturing Zonnebeke. The heavy shell fire was very destructive.

At 6 a.m. the British and Australian artillery opened fire on the German positions and the troops started to advance. The 22nd led off, followed by the 21st and 24th. Zonnebeke Lake was on the jumping-off line on the left. The three battalions had to storm the front over 3oo yards right of the lake. Once they had passed the lake the units on the left had to change direction to cover the ground allotted to them.

The German infantry was utterly surprised by the allied barrage. They were quickly dispersed, killed or taken prisoner by the advancing Australians. Docile Trench and De Knoet Farm fell without much opposition and the 22nd Battalion reached their objective by 6.50 a.m. On the right flank of the 24th Battalion the troops met resistance in Romulus Wood, but the Germans were eventually overpowered. At 7.30 a.m. the 21st and 24th moved up behind the protective barrage, reaching the second objective, the blue line at 8.10 a.m., where the dug in and prepared for eventual counterattacks.

Thomas Cranston, aged 33, was killed in action on October 4, 1917. His name was on a memorial cross with 4 of his comrades of the 22nd Battalion near Zonnebeke Lake (28.D.28.a.30.20), since he went missing during the attack. After the war, his body was found near Broodseinde (28.D.23.c.0.3). Private Cranston is buried at La Brique Military Cemetery, Plot I, Row G, Grave 7.

Bronnen 4

22nd Battalion Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/39/26).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Gebruikte bronnen
6th Brigade Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/6/26).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Gebruikte bronnen
First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920 (National Archives of Australia, Canberra (NAA), B2455).
https://www.naa.gov.au/
Gebruikte bronnen
Unit embarkation nominal rolls, 1914-18 War (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM8).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Gebruikte bronnen

Meer informatie 4