Informations sur naissance

Informations service militaire

Écosse, Royaume-Uni
Force armée:
British Expeditionary Force
Numéro de service:
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Aberdeen, Aberdeenshire, Écosse, Royaume-Uni
 —  Gordon Highlanders, 2nd Bn.  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)


Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood
Parcelle: XX
Rangée: D
Tombe: 14

Distinctions et médailles 2

British War Medal
Victory Medal

Points d'intérêt 2

#1 Lieu de naissance
#2 Lieu d'enrôlement

Mon histoire

Private James Ironside served in the Gordon Highlanders 2nd Battalion, part of the 20th Brigade, of the 7th Division.

On the 4th of October 1917 the 7th Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde, a phase of the Third Battle of Ypres. Its attack was carried by two Brigades, the 91st on the right and the 20th Brigade on the left. They advanced from positions just northeast of Polygon Wood. Their objective was the Broodseinde Ridge and the Beselare-Passchendaele Road. The advance of the 20th Brigade was carried by the Devonshire Regiment 8th Battalion. Once they had captured the first objective, the 2nd Gordons would move through them and capture the 2nd objective.

When forming up the Germans put down a barrage behind 8th Devons and partly on the support and reserve companies of the Gordons. The 2nd Gordons were forced to move closer to the leading Battalion in order to reduce casualties. At 4.30 a.m. the German artillery again put down an intense fire on the allied lines. At 6 a.m. the attack began and the 8th Devons advanced behind a creeping barrage, closely followed by the 2nd Gordons. The Gordons then took up positions about 400 yards beyond the former frontline.

At 7 a.m. the 8th Devons had captured the first objective. About one hour later the 2nd Gordons moved through the 8th Devons, when the barrage moved forward again. The barrage drove everything beyond it, inflicting heavy casualties on the German defenders. The Germans had been planning an attack themselves on the 4th of October and they had consequently concentrated many troops in their frontline. Moments before the German infantry was going to attack they were caught in the allied barrage. The German soldiers had almost no place to hide. The ones that survived the heavy shelling were quickly dispersed, killed or taken prisoner by the advancing troops. Even the Germans in the concrete strongpoints were utterly shocked. Most of them surrendered without putting up a fight.

At 9 a.m. the Battalion had reached its objective. And started consolidating a line near the hamlet of Nordemdhoek at the Beselare-Passchendaele Road on the Broodseinde Ridge. From this point on the German artillery started shelling the new frontline.

Private James Ironside was killed in action on the 4th of October 1917. He was initially buried just north of Polygon Wood along the Zonnebeke-Polygon Wood Road, near Polygon Wood Cemetery. The location of his initial grave may suggest that he was killed by the German barrage moments before the attack. His remains were exhumed after the war and were interred in Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood.

Fichiers 2

Sources 6

"The Gordon Highlanders in the First World War 1914-1919", Falls C., Aberdeen, The University Press, 1957, pg. 161-162.
Sources utilisées
"The Third Ypres Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., London, Arms & Armour Press, 1995, pg. 98-100.
Sources utilisées
Autre référence
Sources utilisées
The Long, Long Trail
Sources utilisées
War Diary Gordon Highlanders 2nd Bn.
Autre référence