Robert 'Rob' Byron Lawlor

Informations sur naissance

Année de naissance:
Lieu de naissance:
Lilydale, Victoria, Australia

Informations générales

Dernière résidence connue:
Buxton, Victoria, Australia
catholique romain

Informations service militaire

Force armée:
Australian Imperial Force
Numéro de service:
Incorporation date:
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
 —  Australian Infantry, 22nd Bn. (Victoria)  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
Lieu de décès:
Zonnebeke Château Grounds, Zonnebeke, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)


Tyne Cot Cemetery
Parcelle: XXXIII
Rangée: C
Tombe: 6

Distinctions et médailles 3

1914-15 Star
British War Medal
Victory Medal

Points d'intérêt 4

#1 Lieu de naissance
#2 Dernière résidence connue
#3 Lieu d'enrôlement
#4 Lieu du décès (approximatif)

Mon histoire

Robert ‘Rob’ Byron Lawlor, a former labourer, was born in October 1896 in Lilydale, Victoria, Australia. He was the son of William and Sarah Lawlor. He was the brother of Private Leonard Joseph Lawlor (killed in action April 25 1915) and Sapper William James Lawlor (returned to Australia on July 3, 1919). On February 10, 1916 he enlisted in Melbourne and embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT A33 Ayrshire on July 3, 1916, with the 13th reinforcement of the 22nd Battalion, part of the 6th Australian Brigade of the 2nd Australian Division.

On the 4th of October 1917 the 2nd Australian Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde, a phase in the Third Battle of Ypres. The 22nd Battalion was part of the 6th Brigade, which attacked on the right of the divisional front. The 22nd Battalion would take the first objective, the red line.
Once they had taken this line, the 24th would pass through the 22nd on the right and the 21st would do the same on the left. The Battalion assembled before the attack at the jumping-off positions in front of Tokio, but soon moved closer to the road leading to Tokio on account of German artillery fire on and around Albania. They made use of shell holes and old trench systems to form a line.

At 5.35 a.m. moments before the Battalion would attack, the German artillery, including minenwerfers, started shelling the jump-off line, causing heavy casualties. The Germans were about to attack themselves in the hope of recapturing Zonnebeke. The heavy shell fire was very destructive.

At 6 a.m. the British and Australian artillery opened fire on the German positions and the troops started to advance. The 22nd led off, followed by the 21st and 24th. Zonnebeke Lake was on the jumping-off line on the left. The three battalions had to storm the front over 3oo yards right of the lake. Once they had passed the lake the units on the left had to change direction to cover the ground allotted to them.

The German infantry was utterly surprised by the allied barrage. They were quickly dispersed, killed or taken prisoner by the advancing Australians. Docile Trench and De Knoet Farm fell without much opposition and the 22nd Battalion reached their objective by 6.50 a.m. On the right flank of the 24th Battalion the troops met resistance in Romulus Wood, but the Germans were eventually overpowered. At 7.30 a.m. the 21st and 24th moved up behind the protective barrage, reaching the second objective, the blue line at 8.10 a.m., where the dug in and prepared for eventual counterattacks.

Robert Byron, aged 21, was killed in action on October 4, 1917. Private Lawlor was mentioned on a memorial cross together with 2 others near Zonnebeke Lake (28.D.28.a.30.40), which was erected shortly after he died or went missing in the battle. Later, his body was found near Romulus Wood at Broodseinde Ridge (at 28.D.29.a.30.30), where he was buried by his friend Private R. G. Alle, who was with him until he died. After the war he was reburied at Tine Cot Cemetery, Plot 33, Row G, Grave 6.

Rapports avec d'autres militaires 2

Leonard Joseph Lawlor
William James Lawlor

Sources 6

22nd Battalion Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/39/26).
Sources utilisées
6th Brigade Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/6/26).
Sources utilisées
Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), RCDIG1064166).
Sources utilisées
First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920 (National Archives of Australia, Canberra (NAA), B2455).
Sources utilisées
Unit embarkation nominal rolls, 1914-18 War (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM8).
Sources utilisées
Virtual War Memorial Australia.
Sources utilisées

Complément d’informations 4