2nd Lt
Frederick Birks

Informations sur naissance

Date de naissance:
31/08/1894
Lieu de naissance:
Buckley, Flintshire, Royaume-Uni, Pays de Galles

Informations générales

Profession:
Ouvrier

Informations service militaire

Pays:
Australia
Force armée:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Second Lieutenant
Numéro de service:
/
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Unités:
 —  Australian Infantry, 6th Bn.  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
21/09/1917
Lieu de décès:
Glencorse Wood, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Âge:
23

Cimetière

Perth Cemetery (China Wall)
Parcelle: I
Rangée: G
Tombe: 45

Distinctions et médailles 4

British War Medal
Médaille
Military Medal
Médaille
Victoria Cross
Médaille
Victory Medal
Médaille

Complément d'informations

Born in Wales in 1894, Frederick Birks had served in the Royal Artillery before arriving in Australia. Here, he worked as a waiter and a labourer before enlisting at the outbreak of World War I in the 2nd Field Ambulance. Birks was awarded the Military Medal after Pozieres. Originally enlisted as a Private, Birks was promoted several times before his final promotion to 2nd Lieutenant in the 6th Battalion on 26 April, 1917.

On 20 September, during the advance through Glencorse Wood, 2nd Lieutenant Frederick Birks, accompanied by Corporal W. Johnston, charged at a pill box, which was slowing the Battalion’s advance. It was these actions that led to his nomination for and ultimate awarding of the Victoria Cross the highest award for bravery. The Unit’s official War Diary reads:

“The series of dugouts along edge of Glencorse Wood, J.14.b.5.6 were attacked mainly under the direction of Lt Birks who quickly overcame a temporary resistance of MGs & bombs.”

Ron Austin, author of the Unit’s history, writes

“Birks, accompanied by Corporal W. Johnston, immediately charged at the pill box. The Germans on seeing the two men approaching, threw several bombs. Johnston deliberately placed himself in front of Birks and took the full force of the explosion. The badly wounded Johnson was recommended for a Victoria Cross, but was only awarded a Military Medal for his courage. The undaunted Birks safely reached the pill box, whereupon the occupants immediately surrendered. Following that incident, Birks led a small party of men in an attack upon a strong point occupied by 25 Germans. In the ensuing struggle, nine Germans were killed and an officer and 15 men captured.”

The next day, 21 September, 1917 the Germans shelled the Australian positions, and some men were buried in rubble when the “D” Company post in Glencorse Wood was hit. Lieutenant Birks, despite being himself under fire, started to dig out the men but in doing so was killed by a shell. Lieutenant Birks was Killed in Action on 21 September 1917 having already received the Military Medal and would then be posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross. The 23-year-old was buried at the Perth (China Wall) Military Cemetery:Plot I, Row G, Grave 45. “Greater Love Has No Man Than This That He Lay Down His Life For His Friends” is the inscription on his gravestone.

Fichiers 1

Sources 8

"As Rough as Bags: The History of the 6th Battalion, 1st AIF, 1914-1919.", Austin R., McCrae, Slouch Hat Publication, 2005, pg. 208-213.
Sources utilisées
"Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., London, Uniform, 2018, pg. 80-81.
Sources utilisées
AIF-Project
https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au
Sources utilisées
Australian War Memorial
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/P11012602
Sources utilisées
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/103010/birks,-frederick/
Sources utilisées
Service Record
http://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/SearchScreens/BasicSearch.aspx
Sources utilisées
The Long, Long Trail
https://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/
Sources utilisées
War Diary Australian Infantry, 6th Bn.
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1338583
Sources utilisées