Pte
Henry John Shanks

Informations sur naissance

Date de naissance:
11/08/1896
Lieu de naissance:
Windsor, Berkshire, Royaume-Uni, Angleterre

Informations générales

Profession:
Draper's Assistant

Informations service militaire

Pays:
Royaume-Uni, Angleterre
Force armée:
British Expeditionary Force
Rang:
Private
Numéro de service:
265855
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Slough, Burnham, Royaume-Uni, Angleterre
Unités:
 —  Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, 1/1st Bn. (Buckinghamshire)  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
17/08/1917
Lieu de décès:
No. 3 Australian Casualty Clearing Station, Brandhoek, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Died of wounds (D.O.W.)
Âge:
21

Cimetière

Brandhoek New Military Cemetery No.3
Parcelle: I
Rangée: A
Tombe: 15

Distinctions et médailles 3

1914-15 Star
Médaille
British War Medal
Médaille
Victory Medal
Médaille

Complément d'informations

Henry John Shanks, a draper's assistant from Windsor, Berkshire was killed during the Battle of Passchendaele. Henry served in “D” Company of the Oxfordshire & Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, 1/1st Battalion (145th Brigade, 48th Division).

On the 16th of August 1917, the battalion participated in the battle of Langemarck. It attacked from positions on the Steenbeek stream towards the Zonnebeke-Langemark road. The Gloucester regiment was on the right, the ¼ Ox and Bucks on their left and the ¼ Royal Berks in support. Companies “A” (left) and “B” (right) of the battalion were in the first two waves. “C” and “D” Companies were in the last two. The first objective was a line running through Hillock Farm. The second objective was the Zonnebeke-Langemark road, dominated by Springfield Farm.

The advance began at zero hour, 4.45 a.m. Due to the muddy terrain, the men lost the barrage even before they could reach the German first Line. Without the cover of the barrage, the 1/1st Battalion came under heavy machinegun and rifle fire. The leading wave was almost entirely annihilated. The situation was checked. The situation only changed when "D" Company of the third wave arrived. What followed was man to man fighting at the German positions on the St-Julien - Hillock Farm Road.

“A” Company, on the left, came under heavy fire when they skirted the slight ridge east of the Steenbeek stream. They were fired upon from reinforced positions at Hillock Farm and two gunpits, west of the Farm. Only sixteen men of the leading wave reached the gunpits. The second wave got pinned down, due to fire from Maison du Hibou and Triangle Farm. Only a handful of men reached the objective at Springfield Farm. By 7 a.m. the entire advance had been checked. An hour later Germans were seen massing near the Keerselare Crossroads. At 10 a.m. the Germans attacked Triangle Farm, but the attack was repulsed. At 9.30 p.m. the Germans launched another counterattack near Hillock Farm, compelling the British to retreat from the area, back to the Steenbeek. The battalion was eventually relieved at night.

Henry John Shanks, was heavily wounded during the attack. He was evacuated to the No. 3 Australian Casualty Clearing Station with several shot wounds. Henry, who had just turned 21, succumbed to his wounds on the following day.

Fichiers 1

Sources 6

Ancestry
https://www.ancestry.com/
Sources utilisées
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/140467/shanks,-/
Sources utilisées
Mc Carthy C., Passchendaele Day-by-Day account, Unicorn Publishing Group, 2018, London, pp. 54-55.
Sources utilisées
Naval and Military Archives
http://www.nmarchive.com/
Sources utilisées
The Long Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/
Sources utilisées
Wright, P.L. The First Buckinghamshire Battalion 1914-1919. Londen: Hazell, Watson & Viney, 1920, pp. 69-82.
Sources utilisées