Cpl
Donald Peter Brown Hosie

Informations sur naissance

Date de naissance:
23/03/1895
Lieu de naissance:
Naseby, Otago, New Zealand

Informations générales

Profession:
Architect

Informations service militaire

Pays:
New Zealand
Force armée:
New Zealand Expeditionary Force
Rang:
Corporal
Numéro de service:
40951
Incorporation date:
28/09/1916
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Dunedin, Otago, New Zealand
Unités:
 —  Otago Regiment, 2nd Bn.  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
12/10/1917
Lieu de décès:
Marsh Bottom, Passchendaele, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Âge:
22

Cimetière

Passchendaele New British Cemetery
Parcelle: XV
Rangée: C
Tombe: 13

Distinctions et médailles 2

British War Medal
Médaille
Victory Medal
Médaille

Points d'intérêt 3

#1 Lieu de naissance
#2 Lieu d'enrôlement
#3 "Lieu de décès"

Mon histoire

Donald Peter Brown, a 22-year-old architect of Roslyn in Dunedin, Otago, was killed during the First Battle of Passchendaele. He enlisted in September 1916. Before he left for Europe in 1917, Donald completed his drawings as the architect of the Sarjeant Gallery in Whanganui. In the summer of 1917 Donald was promoted to corporal and was posted to the 2nd Battalion Otago Regiment, part of the 2nd New Zealand Brigade, of the New Zealand Division.

On the 11th of October 1917, the 2nd New Zealand Brigade relieved the 148th British Brigade in the frontline. The New-Zealanders were to attack on the following day. There were three objectives : the first being the Red Line (approximately Friesland Farm – Source Wood), the second being the Blue Line (approximately Graf Farm – Goudberg Copse) and the final being the Green Line (approximately Exert Copse - Vocation Farm). The main goal was to reach to northern outskirts of the Passchendaele village.

The 2nd Brigade attacked with the 2nd Otagos, the 1st Otagos and the 1st Battalion Canterbury Regiment. The 2nd Battalion Canterbury Regiment was in reserve. The three objectives were allotted in this order.

The attack began at 5.25 a.m. with the 2nd Otagos positioned at the front and thus leading the assault. On their right was the Ravebeek stream, that could be used as a guideline to reach Passchendaele.

Shortly after the men advanced through Marsh Bottom towards Bellevue, they got into difficulties because of uncut wire entanglements that lay in front of the jumping off line. The opening barrage had failed to destroy the wires. The only gap in the wire was at a single point on the sunken Gravenstafel Road. While some soldiers tried to cut some paths through the wires, many soldier went to that single open point, which turned out to be a death trap. The area of the Bellevue Spur was overloaded with German defences and pillboxes. And the German machine-guns mowed the New Zealanders down, who massed at the road.

The other Battalions faced the similar problems, so they also couldn’t get any further and failed to reach the Red Line. The 12th of October 1917 will be remembered as one of the most darkest days in the history of the New Zealand.

Corporal Donald Hosie, 22, was killed during the attack on Bellevue. The young architect was buried in the Marsh Bottom area, near the Gravenstafel road. His remains were exhumed after the War and reinterred in Passchendaele New British Cemetery.

Fichiers 1

Sources 3

Byrne A.E., "The Official History of the Otago Regiment N.Z.E.F. in the Great War 1914-1918" (Dunedin, Wilkie & Co Ltd, s.d.), 207 - 228.
Sources utilisées
Chris McCarthy, "Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account" (London: Uniform, 2018), 128-132.
Sources utilisées
Helen Pollock, "The Don Hosie Story", New Zealand Military Historical Society Journal
http://thebelgianshavenotforgotten.blogspot.com/2020/02/the-don-hosie-story.html
Sources utilisées

Complément d’informations 4

Commonwealth War Graves Commission Database
https://www.cwgc.org/find-records/find-war-dead/casualty-details/461320
Lives of the First World War (Imperial War Museum)
https://livesofthefirstworldwar.iwm.org.uk/lifestory/7176686
Online Cenotaph (Auckland Museum)
https://www.aucklandmuseum.com/war-memorial/online-cenotaph/record/C7206
The NZEF Project (UNSW Canberra)
https://nzef.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=121385