Pte
Sydney Frederick France

Informations sur naissance

Année de naissance:
1896
Lieu de naissance:
Leichhardt, New South Wales, Australia

Informations générales

Dernière résidence connue:
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Profession:
Grocer
Religion:
Church of England

Informations service militaire

Pays:
Australia
Force armée:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Private
Numéro de service:
4720
Incorporation date:
24/01/1916
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Sydney, New South Wales, Australia
Unités:
 —  Australian Infantry, 17th Bn. (New South Wales)  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
20/09/1917
Lieu de décès:
Anzac, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Âge:
21

Mémorial

Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial
Panneau: Bay 17 stone M

Distinctions et médailles 2

British War Medal
Médaille
Victory Medal
Médaille

Points d'intérêt 4

#1 Lieu de naissance
#2 Dernière résidence connue
#3 Lieu d'enrôlement
#4 "Lieu de décès"

Mon histoire

Private Sydney Frederick France enlisted, 19 years of age, together with his older brother Joseph Douglas on the 24th January 1916.
They were given consecutive regimental numbers in the 17th Battalion AIF, part of the 2nd Australian Division, 5th Brigade.
Sydney worked as grocer in the city of Sydney, New South Wales and was single.

20th September 1917 was the first day of the Battle of the Menin Road, part of the Battle of Passchendaele ( also known as the Third Battle of Ypres).
The 5th Australian Brigade attacked at 05.40 a.m. with the 20th Battalion and 18th Battalion in support; the 17th and 26th Battalions were in reserve.
The attack went well, although the left of the 20th Battalion met some resistance from a line of old concrete artillery shelters, causing a slight hold up. They went on to the first objective, but whilst attempting to consolidate, came under fire from two pillboxes 200 yards away. To save further casualties, these were dealt with on the spot.

The 18 Battalion took over the attack on the Blue Line, taking Iron Cross Redoubt and Anzac House in its stride.It was then forced to take Garter Point to prevent sniping on troops consolidating the Blue Line.

The third objective, the Green Line, was assaulted by the 17th and 28th Battalions supported by the 26th Battalion, and was taken easily.

An eye witness to Sydney’s death, Corporal J.V. Jacka stated to the Red Cross, “Syd France was a runner when our Battalion went over the top on the 20th. He was sitting in a trench when a shell burst on our parapet. A piece of shell struck him on the chin and caused the bone to be broken right away. He received immediate attention but died at the first dressing station. He would have been buried there. The exact position of the place I can’t tell you.”

Private Sydney Frederick France was only 21 years old, and although it states in his file that he was buried in the vicinity of Westhoek and Anzac Ridge, his remains were never found. He is commemorated on the Menin Gate Memorial in Ypres, bay 17 stone M.
His brother Joseph Douglas was also killed in action the same day, during the same Battle.

Rapports avec d'autres militaires 1

Fichiers 1

Maps Consulter

Sources 8

"Passchendaele, The Day-by-Day Account",McCarthy C., Arms&ArmourPress, London, 1995, page 80 + 82-83"
Sources utilisées
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-records/find-war-dead/casualty-details/923589/sydney-frederick-france/
Sources utilisées
Service Record
https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/ViewImage.aspx?B=4033161
Sources utilisées
The AIF Project
https://www.aif.adfa.edu.au/showPerson?pid=102935
Sources utilisées
The Australian War Memorial
https://www.awm.gov.au/advanced-search/people?people_preferred_name=France&people_service_number=4720&people_unit=
Sources utilisées
The Long Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/order-of-battle-of-divisions/2nd-australian-division/
Sources utilisées
War Diary 17th Battalion
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1343929
Sources utilisées
War Diary 5th Brigade
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1347529
Sources utilisées