Pte
William Henry Craine

Informations sur naissance

Année de naissance:
1895
Lieu de naissance:
Toorak, Victoria, Australia

Informations générales

Dernière résidence connue:
Toorak, Victoria, Australia
Profession:
Mechanic
Religion:
Church of England

Informations service militaire

Pays:
Australia
Force armée:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Private
Numéro de service:
7093
Incorporation date:
10/08/1915
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Unités:
 —  Australian Infantry, 8th Bn.  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
04/10/1917
Lieu de décès:
Brick Kiln & Yard, Zonnebeke, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Âge:
22

Cimetière

Ypres Reservoir Cemetery
Parcelle: VIII
Rangée: B
Tombe: 24

Distinctions et médailles 2

British War Medal
Médaille
Victory Medal
Médaille

Points d'intérêt 4

#1 Lieu de naissance
#2 Dernière résidence connue
#3 Lieu d'enrôlement
#4 "Lieu de décès"

Mon histoire

William Henry Craine, a former motor mechanic, was born in July 1895 in Toorak, Victoria, Australia; and lived in 4 Washington Street, Toorak, Stonnington. He was the son of Thomas Henry and Sarah Jane Craine. On August 10, 1915 he enlisted in Melbourne and embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT A20 Hororata on November 23, 1916, with the 23rd reinforcement of the 8th Battalion, part of the 2nd Australian Brigade of the 1st Australian Division.

On October 2nd, the 8th Battalion moved from their bivouacs and shelters at Château Segard to the Anzac Ridge, between Westhoek and Zonnebeke, where they relieved two companies of the 9th Battalion. On the 4th of October 1917 the 1st Division advanced from Zonnebeke. The Division was to attack at 6 a.m. with the 1st Australian Brigade, on the right, and the 2nd Brigade, on the left. Half an hour before the attack the Australian positions were heavily shelled, as the Germans were planning an attack on the same day.

At 6 a.m. the men advanced, when the Allied barrage came crashing down. The German Infantry in front of them left their positions almost at the same time. However while the Australians broke free from the German barrage on their frontline, the Allied barrage caught the German Infantrymen in no man’s land. The results were devastating. Many Germans were killed by the barrage. Those who survived were disorientated and didn’t put up much of a fight. The advance continued. Both Romulus and Remus Wood proved difficult to advance through. The terrain was marshy and the woods were heavily wired. The attack was diverted round the flanks. When the men of the 5th Prussian Guards (Grenadiers) had recovered from the initial surprise, they took up positions in various pill-boxes and fortified shell holes. But whenever the 8th Battalion encountered opposition from such strongholds, these were outflanked and then charged.

The 8th Battalion reached the first objective a.k.a. the Red Line, just east of Romulus and Remus Wood at 6.30 a.m. While consolidating the line the 8th Battalion came under fire from 77 mm guns on the Broodseinde - Beselare Road, just east of the Red Line. These were eventually captured by a platoon of the Battalion. After the Red Line had been consolidated by 7.30 a.m. the attack was taken over by the 6th and 7th Battalions. They eventually captured the second objective aka the Blue Line at Celtic Wood.

William Henry, aged 22, was killed in action on October 4, 1917. Together with some others from an engineers party, they were going to dig a strong post, and were walking in single file when a shell dropped killing William Henry instantly. Private Craine was initially buried where he fell, near Brick Kiln & Yard (28.D.28.c.50.90). His remains were exhumed and reinterred at Ypres Reservoir Cemetery, Plot 8, Row B, Grave 24.

Sources 6

2nd Brigade Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/2/30).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Sources utilisées
8th Battalion Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/25/34).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Sources utilisées
Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), RCDIG1064166).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Sources utilisées
Discovering Anzacs
https://discoveringanzacs.naa.gov.au/
Sources utilisées
First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920 (National Archives of Australia, Canberra (NAA), B2455).
https://www.naa.gov.au/
Sources utilisées
Unit embarkation nominal rolls, 1914-18 War (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM8).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Sources utilisées

Complément d’informations 4