Arthur William Fisher

Informations sur naissance

Lieu de naissance:
Vectis, Victoria, Australia

Informations générales

Dernière résidence connue:
Lubeck, Victoria, Australia
Church of England

Informations service militaire

Force armée:
Australian Imperial Force
Numéro de service:
Incorporation date:
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Horsham, Victoria, Australia
 —  Australian Infantry, 6th Bn.  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
Lieu de décès:
Retaliation Farm, Zonnebeke, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)


Passchendaele New British Cemetery
Parcelle: XIII
Rangée: C
Tombe: 6

Distinctions et médailles 2

British War Medal
Victory Medal

Points d'intérêt 3

#1 Lieu de naissance
#2 Lieu d'enrôlement
#3 Lieu du décès (approximatif)

Mon histoire

Arthur William Fischer, a former farmer, was born in December 1886 in Vectis, Victoria, Australia and lived in Lubeck, Yarriambiack, Victoria. He was the son of Frederick and Amalie Fischer. On April 1, 1916 he enlisted in Horsham, Victoria and embarked from Melbourne on board HMAT A14 Euripides on September 11, 1916, with the 20th reinforcement of the 6th Battalion, part of the 2nd Australian Brigade of the 1st Australian Division.

He was the brother of Private Gustav Hermann Fischer (6258) from the same Battalion who survived the war (got wounded in action on September 2, 1917 by a gunshot wound in his right thigh) and returned to Australia in April 1918, and died in 1976.

On 4 October 1917 the 1st Australian Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde, a phase of the Third Battle of Ypres. The Division had to advance on the right of the village of Zonnebeke and had to capture and secure the Broodseinde Ridge and a part of the Passchendaele-Beselare Road. Its attack was carried by two Brigades. The 1st Australian Brigade and 2nd Australian Brigade. The 2nd Australian Brigade firstly attacked with the 8th Battalion. Once they had captured the first objective the 6th and 7th Battalions would move through to the second objective.

The 6th battalion moved into position at about 02.00 a.m. While the Battalion was waiting till the sign to attack the German artillery laid down a very heavy barrage on the line. Many Australians were caught in the open and the Battalions in the line suffered heavy casualties. The German shelling did not indicate any pre-knowledge of an Australian attack, but was a precursor to a German attack that was due to commence coincidentally with the Australian attack. When the German infantry attacked they were caught in the allied barrage, which preceded the Australian assault. The barrage drove everything beyond it, inflicting very heavy casualties on the German defenders. The German soldiers had almost no place to hide. The ones that did survive the heavy shelling were quickly dispersed, killed or taken prisoner by the advancing troops. Even the Germans in the concrete strongpoints were utterly shocked. Most of them surrendered without putting up a fight.

The main resistance of the 6th Battalion’s advance came from a large crater, near Retaliation Farm, in which a pill-box was situated. This position supported by other nearby posts. Bombing parties of the 6th Battalion quickly outflanked the positions and eventually managed to silence or capture the defenders.
Meanwhile the 8th Battalion had advanced through the marsh and tree stumps of Romulus and Remus Woods, north of the hamlet of Molenaarelsthoek. They arrived at the first objective, the red line, around 07.15 a.m.

Around 08.00 a.m. the 7th and 6th Battalions moved through the 8th Battalion and carried on the advance. They quickly captured the summit of the ridge. While passing west of Celtic Wood, the 6th Battalion was now fired upon from distant machine gun positions on the Keiberg. At one stage the advance on Celtic Wood was halted by a German strongpoint. It was silenced by a Lewis gun team and by noon, the Australians had consolidated their positions astride the ridge. No counter-attacks were launched and the Battalion kept on holding the line till they were relieved on the next day.

Arthur William, aged 30, was killed in action on October 4, 1917. He was a scout and was killed by a shell during the attack around 3.30 p.m. According to his files, he was found with his maps spread out before him. Private Fischer was initially buried where he fell, near Retaliation Farm (28.D.28.c.80.40). His remains were exhumed and re-interred in the Passchendaele New British Cemetery, Plot 13, Row C, Grave 6.

Rapports avec d'autres militaires 1

Gustav Hermann Fisher

Sources 5

2nd Brigade Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/2/30).
Sources utilisées
6th Battalion Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/23/23).
Sources utilisées
Australian Red Cross Wounded and Missing Enquiry Bureau (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), RCDIG1064166).
Sources utilisées
First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920 (National Archives of Australia, Canberra (NAA), B2455).
Sources utilisées
Unit embarkation nominal rolls, 1914-18 War (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM8).
Sources utilisées

Complément d’informations 4