Informationen zu Geburt

Geburtsjahr:
1899

Allgemeine Informationen

Beruf:
Schüler

Informationen zum Armeedienst

Land:
England, Vereinigtes Königreich
Truppe:
British Expeditionary Force
Rang:
Private
Dienstnummer:
252172
Einberufung ort:
Salford, Lancashire, England, Vereinigtes Königreich
Einheiten:
 —  Manchester Regiment, 21st Bn. (6th City)  (Letzte bekannte Einheit)

Informationen zu Tod

Sterbedatum:
04/10/1917
Sterbeort:
Jubilee Croft, Beselare, Belgien
Todesursache:
Im Kampf gefallen
Alter:
18

Begräbnisplatz

Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood
Grabstelle: XXIII
Reihe: D
Grab: 9

Auszeichnungen und Orden 2

British War Medal
Medaille — 11/11/1921
Victory Medal
Medaille — 11/11/1921

Punkte von Interesse 2

#1 Einberufung ort
#2 "Todesort"

Meine Geschichte

Private Norman Caldecott served in the Manchester Regiment 21st Battalion, part of the 91st Brigade, of the 7th Division.

On the 4th of October 1917 the 7th Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde, a phase of the Third Battle of Ypres. The Division advanced with two Brigades, the 20th Brigade on the left and the 91st on the right. They advanced from positions just northeast of Polygon Wood. Their objective was the Broodseinde Ridge and the Beselare-Passchendaele Road. The attack of the 91st Brigade was carried by the South Staffordshire Regiment 1st Battalion and the Manchester Regiment 22nd Battalion. The Manchester Regiment 21st Battalion was in reserve around the Butte in Polygon Wood. The area of the Butte was heavily shelled from 2.00 a.m. till 6.00 a.m.

At 6 a.m. the South Staffordshire Regiment 1st Battalion moved forward behind a creeping barrage towards the first objective. They encountered only slight resistance. But while advancing the right flank came under machine gun fire from the 21st Divisional area, causing considerable casualties. The advance of 21st Division on the right had been held up, exposing the right flank of the 1st South Staffordshires. But as soon as the advancing parties of the 21st Division caught up, things were secure.

The barrage drove everything beyond it, inflicting heavy casualties on the German defenders. The Germans had been planning an attack themselves on the 4th of October and they had consequently concentrated many troops in their frontline. Moments before the German infantry was going to attack they were caught in the allied barrage. The German soldiers had almost no place to hide. The ones that survived the heavy shelling were quickly dispersed, killed or taken prisoner by the advancing troops. Even the Germans in the concrete strongpoints were utterly shocked. Most of them surrendered without putting up a fight.

Consequently the 1st South Staffordshires captured and consolidated the 2nd objective without much opposition. And the 22nd Manchester Regiment moved through the 1st South Staffordshires. Their objective was to capture the second objective at the dominant obeservation positions around the Reutel and in de Ster Cabaret.
When the 22nd Manchester Regiment renewed the attack around 8.10 a.m. the Germans had already recovered from the initial shock and had reorganised their defence. Advancing towards In de Ster Cabaret, the 22nd were caught in enfilade by machine gun fire from Joiner’s Rest.

At 9.30 a.m. “D” Company of the 21st Manchesters was sent up to support the attack. “C” Company followed at 2.00 p.m. A defensive flank to the right was thrown up to link with the 21st Division, whose progress had been less rapid. The 22nd Manchesters and the two Companies of the 21st then started consolidating the line.
The Manchester Regiment 21st Battalion was relieved on the night of the 6th and 7th of October 1917.

Private Norman Caldecott was killed in action on the 4th of October 1917, slightly north of Jubilee Croft. His remains were exhumed after the war and interred in Buttes New British Cemetery, Polygon Wood.

Dateien 2

Quellen 6

"Manchester Pals 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, 20th, 21st, 22nd + 23rd Battalions of Manchester Regiment: A History of the Two Manchester Brigades", Stedman M., London, Leo Cooper, 1994, pg. 178-180.
Verwendete Quellen
"The Third Ypres Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., London, Arms & Armour Press, 1995, pg. 98-100.
Verwendete Quellen
Ancestry
http://home.ancestry.co.uk/
Weitere Quellen
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/480142/caldecott,-/
Verwendete Quellen
The Long, Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/
Verwendete Quellen
War Diary Manchester Regiment 21st Bn.
http://www.nmarchive.com/
Weitere Quellen