Informationen zu Geburt

Geburtsdatum:
27/01/1895
Geburtsort:
Hulme, Lancashire, England, Vereinigtes Königreich

Allgemeine Informationen

Beruf:
Clerk

Informationen zum Armeedienst

Land:
England, Vereinigtes Königreich
Truppe:
British Expeditionary Force
Rang:
Corporal
Dienstnummer:
9843
Einberufung datum:
14/09/1914
Einberufung ort:
Manchester, Lancashire, England, Vereinigtes Königreich
Einheiten:
 —  Manchester Regiment, 2/9th Bn.  (Letzte bekannte Einheit)

Informationen zu Tod

Sterbedatum:
09/10/1917
Sterbeort:
Augustus Wood, Passchendaele, Belgien
Todesursache:
Im Kampf gefallen
Alter:
22

Gedenkstätte

Tyne Cot Memorial
Tafel: 120

Auszeichnungen und Orden 3

1914-15 Star
Medaille
British War Medal
Medaille
Victory Medal
Medaille

Punkte von Interesse 3

#1 Geburtsort
#2 Einberufung ort
#3 "Todesort"

Meine Geschichte

Corporal William Joseph Donnan served in the 2/9th Battalion Manchester Regiment (66th Division, 198th Brigade). The young clerk was born in Hulme and lived in Manchester with his mother, brothers and sisters. His brother George Albert served in the 15th Battalion of the Royal Scots and was killed on 1 July 1916 at the Somme. When William was 19-years old he enlisted in the army. In February 1916 he got wounded in an accident in Rouen, France. William transferred to the 2/9th Battalion Manchester Regiment on 8 July 1917 and was promoted to corporal on 1 August 1917.

On 9 October 1917, the 66th participated in an attack towards the Passchendaele heights. It would later be officially designated as the Battle of Poelcapelle. The 66th Division’s attack would be carried out by Battalions of the East Lancashires and Lancashire Fusiliers, together with the 2/9th and 2/10th Battalions, Manchester Regiment. The men of the 2/9th had started their march from the reserve positions, through heavy rain. As day turned into night, the men slipped off the roadways, fell into shell holes and had to be pulled free by their mates. The going was slow and it was not until 4.45am that they were fully in position. They had been ‘on the go’ for eleven hours and were cold, wet and hungry. All four companies lined up in the front trenches ready to go over the top in the first wave. At 05.20am, the artillery started shelling the German lines and, four minutes later, the infantry advanced through the quagmire up the Passchendaele Ridge. They immediately came under severe artillery and machine-gun fire and, as they neared the German lines, they were fired upon by German snipers scattered in shell holes in front of their own trenches. The Manchesters continued, in spite of mounting casualties, capturing their first objective. They cleared German dugouts in Augustus Wood and captured some prisoners. At around midday they were to continue the advance to Heine House, but the men were so exhausted and their numbers were depleted that any further advance was impossible.

Units who had managed to make some progress were ordered to return to the first objective at Augustus Wood where all the troops had consolidated a line. In the early evening, a German counter-attack was fend off by rifle and artillery fire. A total of 113 members of the 2/9th Battalion had been killed. Among them was corporal William Joseph Donnan, aged 22, whose name is honoured on the Tyne Cot Memorial panel 120.

Dateien 1

Quellen 6

"6th Battalion The Manchester Regiment in the Great War, Not A Rotter In The Lot", Hartley J., Pen&Sword Military, 2010, page 208 - 211
Verwendete Quellen
"Passchendaele The Day-by-Day Account", McCarthy C., Uniform 2018, page 120 - 122
Verwendete Quellen
Ancestry
https://search.ancestry.co.uk/cgi-bin/sse.dll?indiv=1&dbid=1543&h=533784&tid=&pid=&usePUB=true&_phsrc=WPK1&_phstart=successSource
Weitere Quellen
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/1630215/donnan,-william-joseph/
Verwendete Quellen
The Long Long Trail
http://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/regiments-and-corps/the-british-infantry-regiments-of-1914-1918/manchester-regiment/
Verwendete Quellen
War Diary
http://www.nmarchive.com/view-diary/ypres/3141-4601/1056057/page/460
Weitere Quellen