Informationen zu Geburt

Geburtsjahr:
1891
Geburtsort:
Richmond, Victoria, Australia

Allgemeine Informationen

last known residence:
Mildura, Victoria, Australia
Beruf:
Landwirt
Religion:
Judentum

Informationen zum Armeedienst

Land:
Australia
Truppe:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Private
Dienstnummer:
2371
Einberufung datum:
15/07/1915
Einberufung ort:
Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Einheiten:
 —  Australian Infantry, 22nd Bn. (Victoria)  (Letzte bekannte Einheit)

Informationen zu Tod

Sterbedatum:
04/10/1917
Sterbeort:
Zonnebeke Lake, Belgien
Todesursache:
Im Kampf gefallen
Alter:
26

Gedenkstätte

Auszeichnungen und Orden 2

British War Medal
Medaille
Victory Medal
Medaille

Punkte von Interesse 4

#1 Geburtsort
#2 Letzter bekannter Wohnort
#3 Einberufung ort
#4 "Todesort"

Meine Geschichte

Emanuel Symons, a former farmer, was born in August 1891 in Richmond, Victoria, Australia. He was the son of Israel and Hannah Symons. On July 15, 1915 he enlisted in Melbourne and embarked from Melbourne on board RMS Osterley on September 29, 1915, with the 5th reinforcement of the 22nd Battalion, part of the 6th Australian Brigade of the 2nd Australian Division. He got wounded in action (gunshot wound shoulder and back) in France on August 5, 1916.

On the 4th of October 1917 the 2nd Australian Division participated in the Battle of Broodseinde, a phase in the Third Battle of Ypres. The 22nd Battalion was part of the 6th Brigade, which attacked on the right of the divisional front. The 22nd Battalion would take the first objective, the red line.
Once they had taken this line, the 24th would pass through the 22nd on the right and the 21st would do the same on the left. The Battalion assembled before the attack at the jumping-off positions in front of Tokio, but soon moved closer to the road leading to Tokio on account of German artillery fire on and around Albania. They made use of shell holes and old trench systems to form a line.

At 5.35 a.m. moments before the Battalion would attack, the German artillery, including minenwerfers, started shelling the jump-off line, causing heavy casualties. The Germans were about to attack themselves in the hope of recapturing Zonnebeke. The heavy shell fire was very destructive.

At 6 a.m. the British and Australian artillery opened fire on the German positions and the troops started to advance. The 22nd led off, followed by the 21st and 24th. Zonnebeke Lake was on the jumping-off line on the left. The three battalions had to storm the front over 3oo yards right of the lake. Once they had passed the lake the units on the left had to change direction to cover the ground allotted to them.

The German infantry was utterly surprised by the allied barrage. They were quickly dispersed, killed or taken prisoner by the advancing Australians. Docile Trench and De Knoet Farm fell without much opposition and the 22nd Battalion reached their objective by 6.50 a.m. On the right flank of the 24th Battalion the troops met resistance in Romulus Wood, but the Germans were eventually overpowered. At 7.30 a.m. the 21st and 24th moved up behind the protective barrage, reaching the second objective, the blue line at 8.10 a.m., where the dug in and prepared for eventual counterattacks.

Emanuel, aged 25, was killed in action on October 4, 1917. Private Symons was mentioned on a cross just south of Zonnebeke Lake (28.D.28.a.50.40). His remains were not recovered or identified after the war. Emanuel Symons has no known grave and is remembered on panel 23P of the Menin Gate Memorial.

Quellen 4

22nd Battalion Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/39/26).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Verwendete Quellen
6th Brigade Australian Infantry (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM4 23/6/26).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Verwendete Quellen
First Australian Imperial Force Personnel Dossiers, 1914-1920 (National Archives of Australia, Canberra (NAA), B2455).
https://www.naa.gov.au/
Verwendete Quellen
Unit embarkation nominal rolls, 1914-18 War (Australian War Memorial, Campbell (AWM), AWM8).
https://www.awm.gov.au/
Verwendete Quellen

Weitere Informationen 4