Pte
Matthew Herbert Austin

Informations sur naissance

Année de naissance:
1893
Lieu de naissance:
Clifton, New South Wales, Australia

Informations générales

Profession:
Ouvrier

Informations service militaire

Pays:
Australia
Force armée:
Australian Imperial Force
Rang:
Private
Numéro de service:
707
Incorporation date:
29/12/1915
Incorporation nom de lieu:
Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
Unités:
 —  Australian Infantry, 35th Bn. (Newcastle's Own Regiment)  (Dernière unité connue)

Informations sur décès

Date de décès:
12/10/1917
Lieu de décès:
Augustus Wood, Belgique
Cause du décès:
Killed in action (K.I.A.)
Âge:
24

Cimetière

Passchendaele New British Cemetery
Parcelle: XIII
Rangée: F
Tombe: 5

Distinctions et médailles 2

British War Medal
Médaille
Victory Medal
Médaille

Complément d'informations

Matthew Herbert Austin was born in March 1893 as the youngest child in a family of five in the mining town of Clifton, Australia. His parents emigrated from Wolverhampton, England to Australia in 1875. When Matthew was 15, he exchanged school to work as a sailor on a merchant ship. Four years later he decides to try his luck as a miner in the Stanford Merthyr colliery in Kurri Kurri. During this period, Austin also started cycling. He especially excels on the track and wins many local and regional races.

In 1914 Matthew marries Elizabeth Ellenor Roberts. On 14 December 1915, his son Donald Hugh Austin is born. Two weeks later, Matthew volunteered for the army. In March 1916 he is assigned to 'C' Company of the 35th Bn. Australian Infantry (9th Australian Brigade, 3rd Australian Division). Before embarking for Europe in May, he takes his last family photograph, during his leave.

At the end of November 1916 Pte. Austin arrives in France. The first offensive in which the 35th Bn. Australian Infantry is deployed is the Battle of Messines on 7 June 1917. On 12 October 1917, the battalion again goes into the attack with the objective of capturing Passchendaele. The 3rd Australian Division attacks at 5.25 am with two brigades ,the 9th and 10th Australian Brigade. The attack of the 9th Australian Brigade, positioned just east of Tyne Cot, is carried out by the 34th and 35th Bn. The 34th Bn A.I.F. moved forward but heavy fire on the start line caused confusion. It was difficult to tell which barrage came from their own artillery and which from the other side. The 35th Bn A.I.F., who supports the attack, are able to take Defy Crossing, Hillside Farm and Augustus Wood. As they advance along the road to Passchendaele, they find several wounded men of the 66th Division hiding in shell holes since the attack on 9 October. They get as far as Passchendaele itself, where several patrols move through the deserted village. However, the attack is not strong enough to hold the newly captured positions and the men have to withdraw almost to their original starting positions.

Pte. Austin is reported missing after the battle. His Red Cross Wounded and Missing File shows that he was supposable killed. Shortly afterwards he is registered as 'killed in action'. After the war Austin's body was exhumed between Augustus Wood and Hillside Farm (D.17.a.5.8.) and he was reburied at Passchendaele New British Cemetery, where he is still remembered today.

Fichiers 1

Sources 7

" The Third Ypres Passchendaele. The Day-by-Day Account ", McCarthy C., London, Arms & Armour Press, 1995, pg. 113-115.
Sources utilisées
AWM
https://www.awm.gov.au/advanced-search/people?people_preferred_name=austin&people_service_number=707&people_unit=
Sources utilisées
Bostyn F., e.a., 'Passchendaele 1917, het verhaal van de doden en Tyne Cot Cemetery, Roularta Group, Roeselare, 2007, pp. 219-221
Sources utilisées
CWGC
https://www.cwgc.org/find-war-dead/casualty/461114/austin,-matthew-herbert/
Sources utilisées
Service Record
https://recordsearch.naa.gov.au/SearchNRetrieve/Interface/DetailsReports/ItemDetail.aspx?Barcode=3041695&isAv=N
Sources utilisées
The Long Long Trail
https://www.longlongtrail.co.uk/army/
Sources utilisées
War Diary 35th Bn.
https://www.awm.gov.au/collection/C1339200
Sources utilisées